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How Gandhi Traveled to South Africa

Mahatma Gandhi’s journey to South Africa in 1893 was a pivotal moment in his life. It was during this time that he developed his philosophy of non-violent resistance, Satyagraha.

Early Life and Education

Gandhi was born in Porbandar, Gujarat, India, in 1869. He studied law in England and was called to the bar in 1891. After graduating, Gandhi returned to India and started practicing law in Mumbai.

The Journey to South Africa

In 1893, Gandhi received a letter from Dada Abdullah, a Muslim merchant in Durban, South Africa. Abdullah informed Gandhi about the poor treatment of Indians in South Africa and asked him to come to represent them. Gandhi agreed and set sail from Mumbai on April 13, 1893.

The journey to South Africa was a long and difficult one. The ship was overcrowded, and Gandhi had to share a cabin with 24 other passengers. The food was terrible, and the weather was stormy. Gandhi also faced discrimination from some of the white passengers.

Despite the hardships, Gandhi arrived in Durban on May 24, 1893. He was immediately struck by the racism and segregation that Indians faced in South Africa.

Early Experiences in South Africa

Gandhi’s early experiences in South Africa were difficult. He was often refused service in restaurants and hotels. He was also beaten and harassed by white mobs.

Gandhi fought against discrimination and injustice throughout his time in South Africa. He organized protests, wrote petitions, and met with government officials. He also founded the Natal Indian Congress, which represented the interests of Indians in South Africa.

The Development of Satyagraha

It was during his time in South Africa that Gandhi developed his philosophy of non-violent resistance, Satyagraha. Satyagraha is based on the belief that truth and love are more powerful than violence. Gandhi believed that by resisting injustice peacefully, people could change the hearts and minds of their oppressors.

Return to India

Gandhi returned to India in 1915. He continued to fight for Indian independence and social justice until his assassination in 1948.

Legacy

Mahatma Gandhi’s journey to South Africa was a turning point in his life. It was during this time that he developed his philosophy of non-violent resistance, Satyagraha. Gandhi’s legacy continues to inspire people around the world to fight for justice and equality.

Key Points

* Mahatma Gandhi traveled to South Africa in 1893 to represent Indians who were facing discrimination.
* The journey to South Africa was long and difficult, and Gandhi faced discrimination from some of the white passengers.
* Gandhi’s early experiences in South Africa were difficult, and he often faced racism and segregation.
* Gandhi fought against discrimination and injustice throughout his time in South Africa.
* It was during his time in South Africa that Gandhi developed his philosophy of non-violent resistance, Satyagraha.
* Gandhi returned to India in 1915 and continued to fight for Indian independence and social justice until his assassination in 1948.

Timeline

* 1869: Mahatma Gandhi is born in Porbandar, Gujarat, India.
* 1891: Gandhi studies law in England and is called to the bar.
* 1893: Gandhi receives a letter from Dada Abdullah, a Muslim merchant in Durban, South Africa.
* 1893: Gandhi travels to South Africa to represent Indians who are facing discrimination.
* 1915: Gandhi returns to India.
* 1948: Gandhi is assassinated.

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