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## How to Avoid Malaria When Traveling in Africa Without Drugs

Malaria is a serious mosquito-borne disease that can be fatal if not treated promptly. It is a major health concern in Africa, where it is estimated that over 200 million cases occur each year. While there are a number of effective drugs available to prevent malaria, there are also a number of natural ways to reduce your risk of infection.

### 1. Use mosquito repellent

Mosquito repellent is the most effective way to prevent malaria. Choose a repellent that contains DEET, picaridin, or IR3535. Apply the repellent to your skin and clothing, and reapply it every few hours.

### 2. Wear long sleeves and pants

Wearing long sleeves and pants can help to protect your skin from mosquito bites. Choose light-colored, loose-fitting clothing made of a tightly woven material.

### 3. Sleep under a mosquito net

Sleeping under a mosquito net is one of the most effective ways to prevent malaria. Choose a net that is made of fine mesh and that is large enough to cover your entire bed. Tuck the net under your mattress to keep mosquitoes out.

### 4. Avoid being outdoors at dusk and dawn

Mosquitoes are most active at dusk and dawn. If you can, avoid being outdoors during these times. If you must be outdoors, take extra precautions to protect yourself from mosquito bites.

### 5. Take a malaria test before you travel

If you are traveling to an area where malaria is common, it is important to take a malaria test before you go. This will help to ensure that you are not already infected with malaria and that you are not taking any medications that could interfere with your malaria prevention efforts.

### 6. Be aware of the symptoms of malaria

The symptoms of malaria include fever, chills, sweating, headache, muscle aches, and nausea. If you experience any of these symptoms, seek medical attention immediately.

### 7. Get vaccinated against malaria

There is a vaccine available to prevent malaria. The vaccine is not 100% effective, but it can reduce your risk of infection by up to 50%. If you are traveling to an area where malaria is common, talk to your doctor about getting vaccinated.

### 8. Other tips

In addition to the tips above, there are a number of other things you can do to reduce your risk of malaria:

* **Stay in air-conditioned accommodations.** Mosquitoes cannot survive in air-conditioned environments.
* **Use a fan to circulate the air.** This will help to keep mosquitoes away.
* **Avoid using bright lights.** Mosquitoes are attracted to light.
* **Keep your room clean.** Mosquitoes are attracted to dirt and debris.
* **Be aware of the risk of malaria in the area where you are traveling.** Talk to your doctor or a travel health clinic before you go.

### Conclusion

Malaria is a serious disease, but it can be prevented. By following the tips above, you can reduce your risk of infection and enjoy a safe and healthy trip to Africa.

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