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## What Shots Do You Need to Travel to South America?

South America is a vast and diverse continent with a variety of climates and ecosystems. As such, the specific vaccinations you need for your trip will vary depending on where you’re going and what activities you’re planning to do. However, there are some general guidelines that can help you get started.

### Required Vaccinations

**Yellow Fever**

Yellow fever is a serious disease transmitted by mosquitoes. It can cause fever, jaundice, and even death. The yellow fever vaccine is required for travel to many countries in South America, including:

* **Argentina**
* **Bolivia**
* **Brazil**
* **Colombia**
* **Ecuador**
* **French Guiana**
* **Guyana**
* **Paraguay**
* **Peru**
* **Suriname**
* **Trinidad and Tobago**
* **Venezuela**

The yellow fever vaccine is a live vaccine, which means that it contains a weakened form of the virus. This vaccine is very effective in preventing yellow fever, but it can have some side effects, such as fever, headache, and muscle aches.

**Other Required Vaccinations**

In addition to the yellow fever vaccine, you may also need other vaccinations depending on your destination and travel plans. These vaccinations include:

* **Hepatitis A**
* **Hepatitis B**
* **Typhoid**
* **Meningococcus**

### Recommended Vaccinations

Even if you’re not required to get vaccinated against certain diseases, it’s still a good idea to get them if you’re traveling to South America. These vaccinations include:

* **Rabies**
* **Japanese encephalitis**
* **Malaria**
* **Dengue fever**

**Rabies** is a fatal disease transmitted by animals, such as dogs, cats, and bats. The rabies vaccine is very effective in preventing rabies, but it can have some side effects, such as pain, redness, and swelling at the injection site.

**Japanese encephalitis** is a viral infection that can cause encephalitis, or inflammation of the brain. The Japanese encephalitis vaccine is very effective in preventing Japanese encephalitis, but it can have some side effects, such as fever, headache, and muscle aches.

**Malaria** is a parasitic infection transmitted by mosquitoes. Malaria can cause fever, chills, sweating, and muscle aches. The malaria vaccine is not very effective in preventing malaria, but it can reduce the severity of the disease.

**Dengue fever** is a viral infection transmitted by mosquitoes. Dengue fever can cause fever, headache, muscle aches, and a rash. There is no vaccine for dengue fever, but there are some medications that can help to treat the disease.

## How to Get Vaccinated

The best way to get vaccinated for travel to South America is to see your doctor or travel clinic. Your doctor or travel clinic can assess your risk of infection and recommend the best vaccines for you.

It’s important to start the vaccination process well before your trip. Some vaccines require multiple doses, and these doses need to be spaced out over several weeks or months.

**Here are some tips for getting vaccinated for travel to South America:**

* **Start the vaccination process early.** Some vaccines require multiple doses, so it’s important to start the process well before your trip.
* **See your doctor or travel clinic.** Your doctor or travel clinic can assess your risk of infection and recommend the best vaccines for you.
* **Bring your vaccination records with you.** When you travel, it’s important to bring your vaccination records with you in case you need to show them to a doctor or immigration official.

### Conclusion

Getting vaccinated before travel to South America is an important way to protect yourself from serious diseases. By following these guidelines, you can help ensure that your trip is safe and enjoyable.

## Appendix

### List of Countries in South America

* **Argentina**
* **Bolivia**
* **Brazil**
* **Chile**
* **Colombia**
* **Ecuador**
* **French Guiana**
* **Guyana**
* **Paraguay**
* **Peru**
* **Suriname**
* **Trinidad and Tobago**
* **Uruguay**
* **Venezuela**

### List of Vaccinations Required for Travel to South America

* **Yellow fever**

### List of Recommended Vaccinations for Travel to South America

* **Hepatitis A**
* **Hepatitis B**
* **Typhoid**
* **Meningococcus**
* **Rabies**
* **Japanese encephalitis**
* **Malaria**
* **Dengue fever**

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