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## What Shots Are Required for Travel to South America

South America is a vast and diverse continent, with a wide range of climates and ecosystems. As such, there are a number of different shots that you may need to get before traveling to South America, depending on the specific countries you will be visiting.

### Required Shots

The following shots are required for travel to all of South America:

* **Yellow Fever:** This shot is required for all travelers over 9 months of age who are visiting any country in South America. The yellow fever vaccine is a live vaccine, so it is important to get it at least 10 days before your trip.
* **Hepatitis A:** This shot is recommended for all travelers to South America. Hepatitis A is a viral infection that can cause liver damage. The hepatitis A vaccine is a two-dose vaccine, and the second dose should be given 6-12 months after the first dose.
* **Typhoid:** This shot is recommended for all travelers to South America. Typhoid is a bacterial infection that can cause fever, diarrhea, and vomiting. The typhoid vaccine is a single-dose vaccine.

### Recommended Shots

In addition to the required shots, there are a number of other shots that are recommended for travel to South America. These include:

* **Hepatitis B:** This shot is recommended for all travelers to South America. Hepatitis B is a viral infection that can cause liver damage. The hepatitis B vaccine is a three-dose vaccine, and the second and third doses should be given 1 and 6 months after the first dose.
* **Rabies:** This shot is recommended for travelers who will be spending extended periods of time in rural areas or who will be working with animals. Rabies is a viral infection that can be fatal if not treated. The rabies vaccine is a three-dose vaccine, and the second and third doses should be given 7 and 21 days after the first dose.
* **Japanese Encephalitis:** This shot is recommended for travelers who will be spending extended periods of time in rural areas in Southeast Asia. Japanese encephalitis is a viral infection that can cause encephalitis, or inflammation of the brain. The Japanese encephalitis vaccine is a two-dose vaccine, and the second dose should be given 28 days after the first dose.

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### Where to Get Shots

You can get the required and recommended shots for travel to South America from your doctor or from a travel clinic. Travel clinics are typically staffed by nurses or doctors who are familiar with the health risks associated with travel to different parts of the world. They can provide you with information on the shots you need and can also administer the shots.

### Cost of Shots

The cost of shots for travel to South America varies depending on the type of shot and where you get it. However, you can expect to pay around $50-$100 per shot.

### Side Effects of Shots

All shots have the potential to cause side effects. However, the side effects of the shots required for travel to South America are typically mild and short-lived. These side effects may include:

* **Pain:** The injection site may be sore for a few days.
* **Redness:** The injection site may be red and swollen for a few days.
* **Fever:** You may experience a low-grade fever for a few days.
* **Chills:** You may experience chills for a few days.
* **Headache:** You may experience a headache for a few days.
* **Muscle aches:** You may experience muscle aches for a few days.
* **Fatigue:** You may feel tired for a few days.

If you experience any serious side effects from a shot, such as difficulty breathing, swelling of the face or throat, or hives, seek medical attention immediately.

### Tips for Getting Shots

Here are a few tips for getting shots for travel to South America:

* **Plan ahead:** Make sure to get your shots at least 10 days before your trip. This will give your body time to develop immunity to the diseases.
* **Bring your shot records:** When you go to get your shots, bring your shot records so that the doctor or nurse can see what shots you have already had.
* **Ask questions:** If you have any questions about the shots, be sure to ask the doctor or nurse.
* **Take care of yourself:** After you get your shots, take care of yourself by getting plenty of rest and drinking plenty of fluids.

By following these tips, you can help ensure that you have a safe and healthy trip to South America.

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