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## How Does Brexit Affect Travel to Europe?

**Introduction**

The United Kingdom’s (UK) withdrawal from the European Union (EU), commonly known as Brexit, has had significant implications for travel between the UK and European countries. This article aims to provide a comprehensive guide to the changes that have occurred and the potential impact on travelers.

**Passport and Visa Requirements**

**For UK citizens:**

* Britons no longer have freedom of movement within the EU and must now present a valid passport to enter EU countries.
* Short-stay visas (up to 90 days) are not required for tourist travel to most EU states. However, some countries (e.g., Bulgaria, Croatia) may impose visa requirements for longer stays.

**For EU citizens:**

* EU citizens can still travel to the UK for tourism without a visa, but their stay is limited to 90 days within any 180-day period.
* EU citizens who wish to live and work in the UK beyond 90 days must apply for a visa under the UK’s new immigration system.

**Customs and Goods**

**For Britons entering the EU:**

* The UK is no longer part of the EU’s Customs Union, so Britons may be subject to customs checks and duties on goods brought into EU countries.
* The value of goods allowed for personal use varies depending on the country of entry.
* Alcohol and tobacco products are subject to specific duty-free limits.

**For EU citizens entering the UK:**

* EU citizens can continue to bring goods into the UK without paying customs duties.
* However, they may be subject to limits on the quantity of alcohol and tobacco products they can import.

**Healthcare**

**For Britons in the EU:**

* Britons traveling to EU countries are no longer covered by the European Health Insurance Card (EHIC).
* They should purchase travel insurance with adequate medical coverage before traveling.

**For EU citizens in the UK:**

* EU citizens living or working in the UK can continue to access healthcare under the UK’s National Health Service (NHS).
* EU citizens traveling to the UK for tourism are advised to purchase travel insurance with medical coverage.

**Driving**

**For Britons in the EU:**

* Britons can drive in EU countries using their UK driver’s license for up to 12 months.
* For longer stays, they may need to obtain an International Driving Permit (IDP).

**For EU citizens in the UK:**

* EU citizens can drive in the UK using their EU driver’s license indefinitely.
* They do not need to obtain an IDP.

**Pet Travel**

**For Britons taking pets to the EU:**

* Britons must obtain a pet passport and proof of rabies vaccination for their pets before traveling to EU countries.
* Pets must also be microchipped and treated for tapeworms (if applicable).

**For EU citizens taking pets to the UK:**

* EU citizens can continue to bring their pets into the UK using their existing EU pet passports.
* Pets must be microchipped and vaccinated against rabies.

**Other Considerations**

* **Travel insurance:** It is strongly recommended for both Britons and EU citizens to purchase comprehensive travel insurance before traveling, as it can provide coverage for medical emergencies, lost luggage, and other unforeseen circumstances.
* **Mobile phone roaming:** Britons may face roaming charges when using their mobile phones in EU countries. It is advisable to purchase a data plan or use a local SIM card to avoid high roaming fees.
* **Currency:** The UK is no longer part of the Eurozone, so Britons must exchange their currency into local currencies when traveling to EU countries.
* **Consumer rights:** Britons may have fewer consumer protection rights when purchasing goods or services in EU countries.

**Conclusion**

Brexit has brought about several changes to travel arrangements between the UK and EU countries. While many aspects remain largely unchanged, travelers should be aware of the differences and take appropriate precautions, such as obtaining necessary documents and insurance. By carefully planning and preparing for future trips, travelers can navigate the new regulations and continue to enjoy the benefits of travel within Europe.

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