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## What Causes Vertigo in Scuba Diving

Vertigo is a sensation of spinning or dizziness that can be caused by a variety of factors, including scuba diving. While vertigo is not typically a serious medical condition, it can be very disorienting and can lead to accidents if not treated promptly.

There are a number of different factors that can cause vertigo in scuba divers, including:

* **Changes in pressure:** The pressure of the water on your body increases as you descend deeper, which can affect your inner ear. This can lead to vertigo, especially if you are not used to diving at depth.
* **Hypoxia:** Hypoxia is a condition that occurs when your body does not get enough oxygen. This can happen if you ascend too quickly from a dive, or if you are breathing from a tank that is running low on oxygen. Hypoxia can lead to a number of symptoms, including vertigo.
* **Hypercapnia:** Hypercapnia is a condition that occurs when your body has too much carbon dioxide. This can happen if you hold your breath for too long, or if you are breathing from a tank that is not properly ventilated. Hypercapnia can lead to a number of symptoms, including vertigo.
* **Dehydration:** Dehydration can occur if you do not drink enough water before or during a dive. Dehydration can lead to a number of symptoms, including vertigo.
* **Certain medications:** Some medications can cause vertigo as a side effect. If you are taking any medications, be sure to talk to your doctor about whether they could increase your risk of developing vertigo while diving.

## Symptoms of Vertigo

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The symptoms of vertigo can vary depending on the cause. However, some of the most common symptoms include:

* Spinning or dizziness
* Nausea
* Vomiting
* Loss of balance
* Difficulty walking
* Blurred vision
* Ringing in the ears
* Headache

## Treatment for Vertigo

The treatment for vertigo will depend on the cause. However, some of the most common treatments include:

* Resting in a dark, quiet room
* Lying down with your head elevated
* Drinking plenty of fluids
* Taking over-the-counter medications for nausea or vomiting
* Seeing a doctor if your symptoms do not improve

## Preventing Vertigo

There are a number of things you can do to help prevent vertigo while diving, including:

* **Diving gradually:** If you are new to diving, start out by diving at shallow depths and gradually increase your depth as you become more comfortable.
* **Ascending slowly:** When ascending from a dive, do so slowly to allow your body to adjust to the change in pressure.
* **Staying hydrated:** Drink plenty of water before and during a dive to avoid dehydration.
* **Avoiding certain medications:** Talk to your doctor about any medications you are taking that could increase your risk of developing vertigo while diving.
* **Getting regular checkups:** See your doctor for regular checkups to ensure that your ears are healthy and that you are not at risk for developing vertigo.

## Conclusion

Vertigo is a common problem among scuba divers, but it can be prevented and treated. By following the tips in this article, you can reduce your risk of developing vertigo and enjoy safe and enjoyable dives.

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