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## Can Diabetics Go Scuba Diving?

**Diving with Diabetes**

Scuba diving is a popular and exciting activity that can be enjoyed by people of all ages and abilities. However, there are some medical conditions that can make diving more risky, including diabetes.

**What is Diabetes?**

Diabetes is a condition in which the body does not produce enough insulin, or does not use insulin properly. Insulin is a hormone that helps glucose (sugar) get from the blood into the cells. Without insulin, glucose builds up in the blood and can cause serious health problems.

**Types of Diabetes**

There are two main types of diabetes:

* **Type 1 diabetes** is an autoimmune disease in which the body’s immune system attacks the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin.
* **Type 2 diabetes** is a condition in which the body does not produce enough insulin or does not use insulin properly.

**Diving with Diabetes**

Diving with diabetes is possible, but it requires careful planning and management. People with diabetes who want to dive should work with their doctor and a qualified diving instructor to develop a plan that will help them stay safe.

**Risks of Diving with Diabetes**

There are several risks associated with diving with diabetes, including:

* **Hypoglycemia** (low blood sugar)
* **Hyperglycemia** (high blood sugar)
* **Diabetic ketoacidosis** (DKA)
* **Hypothermia**

**Preventing Risks**

There are several things people with diabetes can do to prevent the risks associated with diving, including:

* **Monitoring blood sugar levels** before, during, and after diving
* **Eating a healthy diet**
* **Getting regular exercise**
* **Taking medication as prescribed**
* **Wearing a medical alert bracelet or necklace**
* **Diving with a buddy**
* **Informing the dive master or instructor of your diabetes**

**Treatment for Diving Emergencies**

If a person with diabetes experiences a diving emergency, it is important to treat the emergency as quickly as possible. Treatment may include:

* **Giving glucose tablets or gel** to treat hypoglycemia
* **Giving insulin** to treat hyperglycemia
* **Providing fluids and electrolytes** to treat dehydration
* **Giving oxygen** to treat hypothermia

**Conclusion**

Diving with diabetes is possible, but it requires careful planning and management. People with diabetes who want to dive should work with their doctor and a qualified diving instructor to develop a plan that will help them stay safe.

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